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Splitting a string while keeping the delimiters except escaped ones (regex)

If I have a String which is delimited by a character, let’s say this:


and I want to keep the delimiters, I can use look-behind & look-ahead to keep the delimiters themselves, like:


which results in

  • a
  • -
  • b
  • -
  • c

Now, if one of the delimiters is escaped, like this:


And I want to honor the escape, I figured out to use a regex like this:

((?<=-(?!(?<=\-))) | (?=-(?!(?<=\-))))



Now, this works & results in:

  • a
  • -
  • b\-c

(The backslash I’d after remove with string.replace("\\", "");, I haven’t found a way to include that in the regex)

My Problem is one of understanding.
The way I understood it, the regex would be, in words,

split ((if '-' is before (unless ('\-' is before))) or (if '-' is after (unless ('\-' is before))))

Why shouldn’t the last part be “unless \ is before”? If ‘-‘ is after, that means we’re between ‘\’ & ‘-‘, so only \ should be before, not \\-, yet it doesn’t work if I alter the regex to reflect that like this:

((?<=-(?!(?<=\-))) | (?=-(?!(?<=\))))

Result: a, -, b\, -c

What is the reason for this? Where is my error in reasoning?

> Why shouldn’t the last part be “unless \ is before”?


(?=-(?!(?<=\-)))) ^here

cursor is after - so "unless \ is before" will always be false since we always have - before current position.

Maybe easier regex would be


  • (?<=(?<!\\\\)-) will check if we are after - that has no \ before.
  • (?=(?<!\\\\)-)will check if we are before - that has no \ before.